This is not the first xenophobic attack to happen in south Africa, neither is it the second. Discrimination against foreigners started in 1994 and recorded the highest threats, attacks and killings in 2008.
Record of xenophobic attack from 2006
Between 2000 and March 2008, at least 67 people died through xenophobic attacks. In May 2008, a series of attacks left 62 people dead; although 21 of those killed were South Africans.
Violence by Province/Region
Gauteng which includes Johanersburg the largest city in south Africa and the capital Pretoria record the highest violence attacks, followed by Western Cape and Kwazula-Natal where Durban https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Durban is located. (ACMS report) The violence ranges from assult to destruction of lives and properties.
It is often stimulated by dispute with foreigners and migrants who are accused of taking jobs from the locals.
The country is said to have esperienced poor economic performance and recorded more than 27 percent of unemployment at the end of last year according to a report by BBC.
South Africans national statistic body estimated that, 3.6 million out of an overall population of 50 million are foreigners .
70% of the migrants are from Mozambique, Zimbabwe, and Lesotho etc. 30% are from Namibia, Uk, Malawi, India, Nigeria and other countries.
The saddest thing is that, South Africa is said to be the the highest record of murder rate in the world.
A Pew Research (Read more here): https://www.pewresearch.org poll conducted in 2018 showed that, 62% of South Africans viewed immigrants as a burden on their society by taking their jobs and social benefits and that 61% of South Africans see immigrants to be more responsible for crime than other groups.
Maybe south Africans have forgotten how their fellow black men used their resources mearnt for their natives to provide a safe shelter for the freedon fighters during the apartheid rule and even allowed some of them to be educated here in Ghana without paying a penny.
Probably, they have forgotten they couldn’t win the fight against apartheid rule alone.
It could be that, south Africans have forgotten how Mandela fought for Pan Africanism and how he emphasized on the importance of coorperation between African states and liberation movement.