Female trichomoniasis, 3D illustration showing vaginitis and close-up view of Trichomonas vaginalis parasite

TRICHONOMAS -THE STI THAT INCREASES THE CHANCE OF HIV

Sex is beautiful but if you don’t take responsibility for your sexual life you will destroy your beautiful life. Trichonomas is a sexually transmitted disease that affects both male and female.The infection can increase your chance of HIV.Arm yourself with knowledge to make informed decisions.

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There are various reasons why people have sex with the exception of procreation. Originally, sex was mearnt for marriage in certain continents such as Africa but the story is quite different today. Time has changed likewise society and culture as a result of globalization . The days sex was a forbiden act for unattached people is no longer a thing. Who to have sex with,where to have sex and how to have sex is a choice although there are several religious beliefs pertaining to sexual intercourse. Choosing a sexual partner is something that must be critically looked at. You should not just have sex with anybody you meet, at least get to know their health status or preferably opt for protection. Well, I am not in the right position to tell you what to do but i can only arm with knowledge to make informed decisions.

You are at liberty when it comes to your sexual life but before you make any decision think of the various STI's including Trichhomonas.

WHAT IS TRICHOMONAS?

Trichomonas is a sexually transmitted infection (STI) that can affect both males and females.

Trichomonas is sometimes called trichomoniasis, or shortened to TV. Anybody can get trichomonas but tests for trichomonas are more accurate and rampant with females. Around 9 in 10 cases are diagnosed in women or people with female genitals.

Trichomonas is an infection caused by a tiny organism (a living cell) called Trichomonas vaginalis. It can infect the vagina, the urethra (tube that carries urine out of the body) and under the foreskin of the penis. The infection is easily passed from one person to another through sexual contact. Anyone who is sexually active can get it and pass it on. You don’t need to have lots of sexual partners before you can get trichomonas.

WHAT ARE THE SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS OF TRICHOMONAS?

Half of infected people won’t have any signs or symptoms at all, especially men with trichomonas . Signs and symptoms, usually show up within a month of coming into contact with trichomonas.

A female with trichonomas may esperience Soreness, inflammation (pain, redness or swelling) or itching in and around the vagina which can cause discomfort when having sex.

There is also a change in vaginal discharge, it may be in a small or large amount , thick or thin, or frothy and yellow. You may also notice a strong smell that may be unpleasant.

You will also esperience pain or a burning sensation, when passing urine.

A thin and whitish discharge from the penis for men .

There is also Inflammation of the foreskin of the penis although it is uncommon.

HOW IS TRICHOMONAS PASSED ON?

Trichomonas is nearly always passed from one person to another through unprotected (without a condom) vaginal sex.

In rare cases, the infection can also be spread through sharing sex toys which are not regularly washed after use or covered with a new condom each time they are used.

You cannot get trichomonas from anal sex, oral sex (going down or giving head) or from kissing, hugging, sharing cups, plates, cutlery toilet seats or towels. It is onlythrough vaginal sex.

HOW DO I KNOW I HAVE TRICHOMONAS?

Testing for trichonomas is the only way to find out if you have
the infection.

It is usually offered, if you have signs and symptoms of trichomonas or you have signs and symptoms which haven’t been caused by other infections such as chlamydi, gonorrhoea or candidiasis.

If a sexual partner has trichomonas, You may also be advised to have a test especially if you have recently had unprotected sex with a new partner
or your partner have had unprotected sex.

TRICHOMONAS AND HIV

If you have trichomonas you may be at more risk of becoming infected with HIV if you have sex
with someone who’s HIV positive and they’re not on effective treatment. If someone living with HIV also has trichomoniasis, their viral load will increase, which will make them more likely to pass on HIV if they have sex without a condom, even if they are taking HIV drugs (antiretrovirals). Effective HIV treatment can suppress HIV in the body (known as having an undetectable viral load) and means HIV can’t be passed on to a partner.

A study conducted by R. Scott McClelland, MD, MPH, and colleagues at the University of Washington in Seattle, the University of Nairobi, and the Coast Provincial General Hospital in Kenya, followed 1,335 HIV-seronegative women over the span of 11 years. Infection with Trichonomas vaginalis is common, making the aquisition of HIV substantial.

Their results showed a 1.5-fold increased risk of HIV infection among women with trichomoniasis. Meaning that a woman with trichomoniasis is at about fifty percent greater risk for acquiring HIV than a woman without trichomoniasis, after adjusting for other differences between the women such as differences in the rates of condom use, number of sex partners, etc.

The study pointed to several reasons why vaginal trichomoniasis could possibly lead to an increased risk of HIV acquisition. Trichomoniasis can cause tiny areas of bleeding within mucous membranes that could provide a physical pathway for HIV infection. Also, the study noted, the Trichonomas vaginalis parasite has been shown to break down an enzyme that blocks HIV attachment to cells.

The findings from this study provide support for prevention and treatment of sexually transmitted diseases such as trichomoniasis as important strategies for preventing HIV infection.

WHAT ARE THE TREATMENT OF TRICHOMONAS?

The treatment involves taking a course of antibiotic tablets. This may be a single dose or
a longer course (up to a week). If you take it according to the instructions it’s at least 90% effective.
You’ll be advised not to drink alcohol during the treatment and for 48 hours afterwards. This
is because antibiotics used to treat trichomonas react with alcohol and can make you feel very unwell.
If there’s a high chance you have the infection, treatment may be started before the results of the test are back. You’ll always be given treatment for trichomonas if a partner is found to have trichomonas.

WHAT HAPPENS IF I GET TRICHOMONAS WHEN I'M PREGNANT?

Trichomonas may cause problems with a pregnancy. Some research suggests that it could
lead to a premature (early) birth or a baby with alow birth weight. If you’re pregnant, tell the doctor or nurse so
that they can discuss your treatment choices withyou.It’s possible to transmit trichomonas to the baby
during the birth although this isn’t common.You can be treated for trichomonas duringpregnancy or if you’re breastfeeding. The
treatment may affect the taste of breast milk so
you may be advised to express and discard yourmilk until you’ve finished the treatment.

CAN TRICHOMONAS GO AWAY WITHOUT TREATMENT?

Trichomonas can go away without treatment for some people but this can take a long time. If you delay seeking treatment you risk passing the infection on to someone else.

HOW SOON CAN I HAVE SEX AGAIN?

Do not have any sexual intercourse, including vaginal, anal or oral sex, until seven days after you and your sexual partner(s) have finished the treatment and any follow-up treatment. This is to help prevent you being re-infected or passing the infection on someone else.

WHERE CAN I GET MORE INFORMATION AND ADVICE?

The National Sexual Health Helpline provides confidential advice and information on all aspects of sexual health. The number is 0300 123 7123. It’s open from Monday to Friday from 9am - 8pm.For more information on sexual health visit www.fpa.org.uk or www.sexwise.org.uk

Information for young people can be found at www.brook.org.uk.

Sex is a beautiful thing but it can equally destroy your beautiful life.

You only live once

Make the right choice.

Source:Sexual health charity FPA

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6 thoughts on “TRICHONOMAS -THE STI THAT INCREASES THE CHANCE OF HIV

  1. Circumcision does not prevent any disease or infection; the only thingsthat circumcision prevents are complete, natural and normal sexual feeling and function. In the USA, where circumcision in the past was about 85%, the HIV rates and other STD s are substantially higher than in Europe, Scandinavia, South America and most of Asia—where males are rarely circumcised. This would seem to imply that, if anything, circumcision INCREASES HIV and STD s. In Swaziland, circumcised males have a slightly higher rate of HIV than non-circumcised males. If you look at the individuals who promoted circumcision to prevent HIV, you will find that many of them are biased because they belong to the religions that try to impose circumcision on all males. Circumcision is a fraud and a hoax. A foreskin is not a birth defect; it is a birthright. ERIC

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