Some years ago, sex was a sacred act. It was a taboo to talk about sex in the open. Women treated it in secrecy, men could only talk about it with their fellow men. Couples could not talk about it at the outskirt of their bedroom. Unmarried people shied away from it. Today, the narrative has changed, sex is practiced literally everywhere; in the pool, club, cars, office, etc.
Sex has become a hobby. The only thing young people are afraid of is pregnancy which they term as “unwanted “.
Previously, young boys could resort to pull out, but today “juicy havens” are weakening their tactics. As a result many young women opt for emergency contraceptives and birth control pills.
The emergency pill is a contraceptive which is taken to prevent pregnancy after unprotected sex. Birth control pills are equally used to prevent pregnancies.
The problem is there is a knowledge gap that exist in the dosage of these pills.
The oral contraceptive pill is a hormone based method of preventing pregnancy. It can also help resolve irregular menstruation, painful or heavy periods, endometriosis, acne, and premenstrual syndrome (PMS).
Birth control pills work by preventing ovulation. No egg is produced, so there is nothing for the sperm to fertilize. They prevent the ovaries from producing eggs
Birth control pills do not prevent sexually transmitted diseases (STDs). Only a condom can help prevent this type of infection.
HOW TO TAKE EMERGENCY PILLS
Emergency pills such as Lydia, postino 2 should be taken at least twice a year, and not more than that.
Emergency pills are different from family planning pills. Family planning pills can be taken everyday to prevent pregnancy but emergency contraceptive is taken within 24 or 72 hours after unprotected sex during ovulation period and it is taken twice in a year. Meaning it’s possible you may not get pregnant if you are not ovulating.
You can equally resort to free periods which are three days after menses called early safe period and five days before your menses which is the late safe period.
HEALTH EFFECT OF EMERGENCY PILLS
Combining the pills is dangerous. It can increase the risk of cardiovascular problems, such as blood clots, deep vein thrombosis (DVT), a clot on the lung, a stroke or heart attack.
How to use emergency contraceptives and Birth control pills have also been associated with an increase in blood pressure, benign liver tumors, and some types of cancer.
The risk is higher with some pills. A doctor can advise on suitable options.
If you have an uncontrolled high blood pressure or a personal or family history of blood clots, heart attack, or stroke you should be very carefull and vigilant.
Female hormones that occur naturally, such as estrogen, are thought to affect the chances of a woman developing some types of cancer. It is therefore possible that using a hormone-based method of birth control could have a similar effect.
Ovarian and endometrial cancer: These appear to be less likely among women who use the pill.
Breast cancer: There appears to be a slightly higher chance of breast cancer developing in women who have recently been using the contraceptive pill, and especially if they started using it during their teenage years. However, after 10 years of not using the pill, the risk appears to be the same as for someone who has never used it. Other factors may play a role, such as a woman’s age at starting puberty and menopause, her age at her first pregnancy, and whether or not she has had children.
Cervical cancer: Long-term use of the pill has been linked to a higher risk of cervical cancer, compared with those who have never used it. However, most types of cervical cancer are caused by the human papillomavirus (HPV). Whether HPV is linked to the use of oral birth control pills has not yet been confirmed.
Liver cancer: Oral contraceptives have been linked to a higher chance of developing benign liver tumors, but these rarely become cancerous. Some studies have suggested that liver cancer risk is higher after using oral contraceptives for at least 5 years, but other studies have not had the same results.
Emergency contraceptive is safe when you use it rightly.
Make sure you dont over take family planning pills. The providers of these pills will not tell you the truth because they are only interested in their profit.
OPTIONS AVAILABLE FOR FAMILY PLANNING
Withdrawal, Cycle beads ,calender,basal body temperature and cervical mucus plug.
Injection, Depo provera three months, Norigynon three months and Pills at the right dosage.
Intra uterine device for 12years, Jadelle 5years, Implanon 3years.
Vasectomy for men, bilateral tubal ligation women, sterilization both men and women.
This is a barrier method of birth control that prevents sperm from coming into contact with egg cells. Male condoms are sheathes that are placed over the penis. A female condom is a pouch with a ring at each end. It is inserted into the vagina.
Condoms are widely available, but they are often made from latex, which can trigger an allergy in some individuals. Alternative materials include polyurethane or lambskin.
For both types of condom, the risk of it not working is 18% or over yearly.
This is a shallow, dome-shaped rimmed cup that is placed in the vagina to block the cervix. Used with spermicide, it prevents the sperm and egg from meeting.
Disadvantages include possible urinary tract infections and vaginal irritation. The irritation may stem from a reaction to the material the diaphragm is made from or the spermicide.
Between six and twelve pregnancies occur annually in every hundred women who use it, because of human error.
NuvaRing (vaginal ring)
A plastic ring is inserted into the vagina, and it releases hormones to suppress ovulation. Each month, it is inserted for 3 weeks and removed for 1 week, during which menstruation occurs. These hormones are very similar to the pill, so similar side effects can occur.
Every year, between six and twelve pregnancies occur in every hundred women who use it, because of errors in use.
As a hormonal method of birth control, the vaginal ring can have similar side effects to the pill, including intermenstrual spotting, headache, and reduced libido.
Intrauterine devices (IUDs)
A small device made from plastic and copper is inserted into the uterus at the doctor’s office. IUDs can be hormonal or non-hormonal. Hormonal IUDs thicken the cervical mucus and suppress ovulation. Non-hormonal IUDs produce an inflammatory response in the uterus that is toxic to sperm. It lasts for up to ten years and is almost hundred percent effective at preventing pregnancy.
Adverse effects include intermenstrual spotting and irregular menses. Some IUDs can lead to heavier periods with worsened cramps.
You only live once,
Live it well.